10.78. ICD-9-CM diagnostic coding (compatible with DSM-IV-TR)

10.78.1. History and guide

See http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/.

10.78.2. Sources for ICD-9-CM

ICD-9-CM (codes covered: 290–319, V71.09):

“CM”: clinical modification.

10.78.3. Intellectual property rights for ICD-9-CM

“ICD-9 is in the public domain so there are no copyright restrictions over its use.” (http://www.who.int/about/licensing/Internettext_FAQ.pdf, accessed 2014-05-09)

10.79. ICD-10 diagnostic coding

International Classification of Diseases: codes and diagnostic criteria


(!) Use requires additional institution-specific permissions; see details.

10.79.1. History and guide

See http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/.

10.79.2. Sources for ICD-10

10.79.3. Intellectual property rights for ICD-10

  • Copyright © 1990, 1994 World Health Organization.

  • Reproduced with permission (personal communication, WHO to Rudolf Cardinal, 2013-05-08 and 2013-08-28); see below.

  • Current permissions cover diagnostic criteria for:

    • schizophrenia (F20)

    • schizotypal disorder (F21)

    • acute/transient psychotic disorders (F23)

    • mania/hypomania (F30)

    • depression (F32)

    • mixed affective episode (F38.00)

    • paranoid personality disorder (PD) (F60.0)

    • schizoid personality disorder (F60.1)

    • dissocial personality disorder (F60.2)

    • emotionally unstable personality disorder, impulsive type (F60.30) (as a subset of F60.31)

    • emotionally unstable personality disorder, borderline type (F60.31)

    • histrionic PD (F60.4)

    • anankastic PD (F60.5)

    • anxious PD (F60.6)

    • dependent PD (F60.7)

  • ICD-10 codes:

    • The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders Copyright © 1992 World Health Organization

    • Used here with permission, but note restrictions on redistribution and organizational use:

“On behalf of the World Health Organization, we are pleased to authorize
your request to reproduce the ICD-10 codes and descriptions in University
of Cambridge’s tablet application for pilot research and clinical use as
detailed in your message below. This permission is subject to the following

- This is a non-exclusive, non-assignable permission to incorporate the
  ICD-10 codes in the English language

- WHO shall be acknowledged with a full bibliographical reference to

- **The ICD-10 codes should not be licensed under the open source licence.
  The copyright in ICD-10 should be clearly attributed WHO and any further
  redistribution of ICD-10 requires permission from WHO.**

- Any organization wishing to use and adapt the application with the ICD-10
  codes will require authorization from WHO.

- All validated updates to the ICD-10 classification are published on the
  WHO web site on an annual basis, on the following URL:
  http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/icd10updates/en/index.html. The
  updates will include the precise date of validation. WHO does not
  undertake to supply the above-mentioned, however you may use the
  published updates in the Product.

- The ICD-10 codes will be reproduced as published by WHO and no changes
  should be made to the content or meaning.

- The ICD-10 codes should not be reproduced for use in association with
  product marketing or promotional activities.

- There should be no suggestion that WHO endorses any specific company or
  products in the product or in the manner of distribution of the product.

- The WHO logo and emblem shall not be reproduced.

- WHO reserves the right to withdraw the permission in the event a
  condition is not respected.”

(Carla Abou Mrad, for WHO, to Rudolf Cardinal, 2014-04-16.)

Further detail:

“... we have agreed to authorize you the permission and we will not charge
any fee for this permission, however the permission clearly states that the
copyright in ICD-10 should be clearly attributed WHO and any further
redistribution of ICD-10 requires permission from WHO. It is no problem to
distribute the application to end users, however any organization wishing
to use and adapt the software with the ICD-10 codes for distribution as
another product, will require authorization from WHO.”

(Carla Abou Mrad, for WHO, to Rudolf Cardinal, 2014-04-15.)

10.80. ICD-10 criteria: depressive episode

See ICD-10 codes.

10.81. ICD-10 criteria: manic/hypomanic episode

See ICD-10 codes.

10.82. ICD-10 criteria: mixed affective episode

See ICD-10 codes.

10.83. ICD-10 criteria: schizophrenia

See ICD-10 codes.

10.84. ICD-10 criteria: schizotypal disorder

See ICD-10 codes.

10.85. ICD-10 criteria: specific personality disorders

See ICD-10 codes.