10.12. Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)¶
10.12.1. History and guide¶
Original 16-item version: Overall & Gorham (1962), http://www.amsciepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/pr0.1922.214.171.1249.
18-item version (adding disorientation and excitement): Overall (1972, 1976); see Dingemans et al. (1995), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8748395.
20-item anchored version (adding overall severity/improvement impressions): US DHHS, as below.
Original source is at http://www.amsciepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/pr0.19126.96.36.1999 and at http://www.cnsforum.com/streamfile.aspx?filename=BPRS.pdf&path=pdf.
Also: US Department of Health & Human Services: Public Health Service; Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration; NIMH Treatment Strategies in Schizophrenia Society. Anchored. Originally after Overall & Gorham (1962). As in Kaplan & Sadock (2005, eds) Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 8th ed; Lippincott, Philadelphia, p. 939.
10.12.3. Intellectual property rights¶
“Available in public domain.” (http://www.masspartnership.com/provider/outcomesmanagement/outcomesfiles/tools/bprs.pdf, accessed 2012-09-04.)
Original paper indicates funding by the US Veterans Administration and the US NIMH (thus, a work of the US federal government).
Overall (1978) explains its development within the VA Central Neuropsychiatric Research Laboratory (http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/classics1979/A1979HZ19700001.pdf).