7.8. Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)

7.8.1. History and guide

Original 16-item version: Overall & Gorham (1962), http://www.amsciepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/pr0.1962.10.3.799.

18-item version (adding disorientation and excitement): Overall (1972, 1976); see Dingemans et al. (1995), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8748395.

20-item anchored version (adding overall severity/improvement impressions): US DHHS, as below.

An overview is at http://www.cnsforum.com/clinicalresources/ratingscales/ratingpsychiatry/schizophrenia/

7.8.2. Source

Original source is at http://www.amsciepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/pr0.1962.10.3.799 and at http://www.cnsforum.com/streamfile.aspx?filename=BPRS.pdf&path=pdf.

Also: US Department of Health & Human Services: Public Health Service; Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration; NIMH Treatment Strategies in Schizophrenia Society. Anchored. Originally after Overall & Gorham (1962). As in Kaplan & Sadock (2005, eds) Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 8th ed; Lippincott, Philadelphia, p. 939.

7.8.3. Intellectual property rights

Public domain.