10.12. Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)¶
10.12.1. History and guide¶
Original 16-item version: Overall & Gorham (1962), https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.19220.127.116.119.
18-item version (adding disorientation and excitement): Overall (1972, 1976); see Dingemans et al. (1995), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8748395.
20-item anchored version (adding overall severity/improvement impressions): US DHHS, as below.
An overview is at https://web.archive.org/web/20130622112841/http://www.cnsforum.com/clinicalresources/ratingscales/ratingpsychiatry/schizophrenia/
CamCOPS implements the 20-item BPRS. Separately, it implements the 24-item version, the BPRS-E.
Original source is at https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1918.104.22.1689 and at https://web.archive.org/web/20130819010708/http://www.cnsforum.com/streamfile.aspx?filename=BPRS.pdf&path=pdf.
Also: US Department of Health & Human Services: Public Health Service; Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration; NIMH Treatment Strategies in Schizophrenia Society. Anchored. Originally after Overall & Gorham (1962). As in Kaplan & Sadock (2005, eds) Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 8th ed; Lippincott, Philadelphia, p. 939.
10.12.3. Intellectual property rights¶
“Available in public domain.” (http://www.masspartnership.com/provider/outcomesmanagement/outcomesfiles/tools/bprs.pdf, accessed 2012-09-04, saved at https://web.archive.org/web/20061104162939/http://www.masspartnership.com/provider/outcomesmanagement/outcomesfiles/tools/bprs.pdf.)
Original paper indicates funding by the US Veterans Administration and the US NIMH (thus, a work of the US federal government).
Overall (1978) explains its development within the VA Central Neuropsychiatric Research Laboratory (http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/classics1979/A1979HZ19700001.pdf).
“In public domain.” (http://apntoolkit.mcmaster.ca/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=218:brief-psychiatric-rating-scale-bprs&catid=46:mental-health&Itemid=64, saved on 2015-02-14 at https://web.archive.org/web/20150214162907/http://apntoolkit.mcmaster.ca/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=218:brief-psychiatric-rating-scale-bprs&catid=46:mental-health&Itemid=64).