10.109. Positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) for schizophrenia


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10.109.1. History and guide

Original: Kay SR, Fiszbein A, Opler LA (1987). The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 13: 261–276, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3616518 and http://schizophreniabulletin.oxfordjournals.org/content/13/2/261.long.

10.109.2. Source

From Kay et al. (1987), as above, http://www.bli.uzh.ch/PDF/panss.pdf, http://www.emotionalwellbeing.southcentral.nhs.uk/resources/doc_download/62-panss-positive-and-negative-syndrome-scale-pdf-document.

10.109.3. Intellectual property rights

  • Copyright © Multi-Health Systems, Inc. (http://www.mhs.com) (personal communication, Mark G.A. Opler of Prophase LLC (http://www.prophase.com/) to Rudolf Cardinal, 2014-08-2).

  • Original article © Oxford University Press. Elements of the scale potentially under that copyright (and permission given), but not all.

  • Open-access text at http://schizophreniabulletin.oxfordjournals.org/content/13/2/261.long.

  • The PANSS Institute (http://www.panss.org) provides certification and training, but no mention of any restriction on PANSS use (accessed 2012-09-05).

  • The PANSS is based on the BPRS, which is public domain (q.v.).

  • Article copyright © 1987, Oxford University Press.

  • Permission given without charge to use aspects of the PANSS covered by the article copyright (personal communication, Oxford University Press via RightsLink to Rudolf Cardinal, 2013-05-01).

  • The PANSS is sold commercially (https://ecom.mhs.com/inventory.aspx?gr=cli&prod=panss&id=pricing&RptGrpID=pan, accessed 2014-08-02). Multi-Health Systems Inc. (MHS) assert copyright over the PANSS (personal communication, Betty Mangos, MHS, to Rudolf Cardinal, 2017-11-30).

  • Therefore, task not implemented; cut-down data collection version only.